International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega

Received: 11 January 2024    Accepted: 30 January 2024    Published: 21 February 2024
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Abstract

The growth and output of coffee are significantly hampered by drought. To lessen the effects of climate change on coffee production, it is crucial to choose genotypes of Arabica coffee that are resistant to drought. The goal of the study was to select genotypes of Wellega coffee that are drought-tolerant at the Haru Agricultural Research Sub-Center in the Oromia National Regional State, Western Ethiopia. The experiment was carried out in a controlled environment from 2017 to 2019 G. C., with three replications laid out in RCBD. For 28 days, two watering regimes—well-watered and water-stressed—were applied to fourteen genotypes of Wellega coffee. The mother trees of genotype were tested at field condition. The experiment's findings showed that the genotypes not differed significantly in terms of total dry matter, relative leaf water content, and leaf retention capacity as well as in terms of the degree of wilting and in all destructive parameters. So, to select the drought tolerance coffee genotypes the stress period should be minimized in to 15-21 days.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13
Published in International Journal of Genetics and Genomics (Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2024)
Page(s) 13-18
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Arabica, Drought Tolerance, Well Watered, Water Stressed, Coffee, West Wellega

References
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[2] Burkhardt J, Beining A, Kufa T, Goldbach HE (2006). Different drought adaptation strategies of Coffea arabica populations along a rainfall gradient in Ethiopia. In: Asch F, Becker M (eds) Prosperity and Poverty in a Globalised World – Challenges for Agricultural Research. Tropentag, Bonn, Germany.
[3] DaMatta, F. M., & Rena, A. B. (2001). Tolerância do café à seca. Tecnologias de produção de café com qualidade, 65-100.
[4] DaMatta FM, Ramalho JDC (2006). Impacts of drought and temperature stress on coffee physiology and production: A review. Brazilian J. Plant. Physiol., 18: 55-81.
[5] DaMatta FM, Chaves ARM, Pinheiro HA, Ducatti C, Loureiro ME (2003). Drought tolerance of two field-grown clones of Coffea canephora. Plant Science 164: 111–117.
[6] Dibaba, B. T., T. Kufa & A. Regassa, 2020. Effects of lime and coffee husk compost on growth of coffee seedlings on acidic soil of Haru in Western Ethiopia. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 8(1): 2391.
[7] Dias PC, Araujo WL, Moraes GABK, Barros RS, DaMatta FM (2007). Morphological and physiological responses of two coffee progenies to soil water availability. J. Plant. Physiol., 164: 1639-1647.
[8] Institute, S., 2011. SAS/IML 9.3 user's guide. SAS institute.
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[10] Lindi, S., B. Iticha & M. Hone, 2021. Effect of Moisture Stress at Different Growth Stage on Wheat (Triticumaestevum L.) Yield and Water Productivity at Kulumsa, Ethiopia.
[11] Melke, A. & M. Fetene, 2014. Eco-physiological basis of drought stress in coffee (Coffea arabica, L.) in Ethiopia. Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology 26: 225-239.
[12] Mikru, Z. & W. Tena, Potentials and Constraints of Nitisol and Acrisol. 209-216p. Coffee Diversity and Knowledge. In: Proceedings of National Workshop Four, 2008. vol 67.
[13] Sassen, S., 2000. Women's burden: Counter-geographies of globalization and the feminization of survival. Journal of international affairs: 503-524.
[14] Tadesse, T., B. Tesfaye & G. Abera, 2020. Coffee production constraints and opportunities at major growing districts of southern Ethiopia. Cogent Food & Agriculture 6(1): 1741982.
[15] Tefera, T., Yaziz, B., & Shimbir, T. (2019). Response of Coffee Genotypes (Coffea Arabica) for Moisture Stress Condition at Tepi, South West of Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Studies in Agricultural Sciences (IJRSAS), 5(1), 8-13.
[16] Tesfaye, T. T., T. Bizuayehu & A. Girma, 2020. Evaluation of the performance of coffee varieties under low moisture stressed areas of Southern Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural research 15(2): 212-221.
[17] Pinheiro HA, DaMatta FM, Chaves ARM, Loureiro ME, Ducatti C (2005). Drought tolerance is associated with rooting depth and stomatal control of water use in clones of Coffea canephora. Annals. Bot., 96: 101-108.
[18] Worku M, Astatkie T (2010). Growth responses of arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) varieties to soil moisture deficit at the seedling stage at Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia. J. Food, Agric. Envir.; 8(1): 195 - 200.
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    Ayanaw, H., Tamiru, Z., Tadese, M., Asefa, A. (2024). Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 12(1), 13-18. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13

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    ACS Style

    Ayanaw, H.; Tamiru, Z.; Tadese, M.; Asefa, A. Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega. Int. J. Genet. Genomics 2024, 12(1), 13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13

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    AMA Style

    Ayanaw H, Tamiru Z, Tadese M, Asefa A. Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega. Int J Genet Genomics. 2024;12(1):13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13,
      author = {Huluager Ayanaw and Zelalem Tamiru and Minida Tadese and Addisu Asefa},
      title = {Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega},
      journal = {International Journal of Genetics and Genomics},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {13-18},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijgg.20241201.13},
      abstract = {The growth and output of coffee are significantly hampered by drought. To lessen the effects of climate change on coffee production, it is crucial to choose genotypes of Arabica coffee that are resistant to drought. The goal of the study was to select genotypes of Wellega coffee that are drought-tolerant at the Haru Agricultural Research Sub-Center in the Oromia National Regional State, Western Ethiopia. The experiment was carried out in a controlled environment from 2017 to 2019 G. C., with three replications laid out in RCBD. For 28 days, two watering regimes—well-watered and water-stressed—were applied to fourteen genotypes of Wellega coffee. The mother trees of genotype were tested at field condition. The experiment's findings showed that the genotypes not differed significantly in terms of total dry matter, relative leaf water content, and leaf retention capacity as well as in terms of the degree of wilting and in all destructive parameters. So, to select the drought tolerance coffee genotypes the stress period should be minimized in to 15-21 days.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    T1  - Evaluation of Coffee Genotype for Drought Tolerance and Water Use Efficiency in Western Ethiopia at West Wollega
    AU  - Huluager Ayanaw
    AU  - Zelalem Tamiru
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    Y1  - 2024/02/21
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13
    T2  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    JF  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    JO  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    SP  - 13
    EP  - 18
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-7359
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.13
    AB  - The growth and output of coffee are significantly hampered by drought. To lessen the effects of climate change on coffee production, it is crucial to choose genotypes of Arabica coffee that are resistant to drought. The goal of the study was to select genotypes of Wellega coffee that are drought-tolerant at the Haru Agricultural Research Sub-Center in the Oromia National Regional State, Western Ethiopia. The experiment was carried out in a controlled environment from 2017 to 2019 G. C., with three replications laid out in RCBD. For 28 days, two watering regimes—well-watered and water-stressed—were applied to fourteen genotypes of Wellega coffee. The mother trees of genotype were tested at field condition. The experiment's findings showed that the genotypes not differed significantly in terms of total dry matter, relative leaf water content, and leaf retention capacity as well as in terms of the degree of wilting and in all destructive parameters. So, to select the drought tolerance coffee genotypes the stress period should be minimized in to 15-21 days.
    
    VL  - 12
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Author Information
  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

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