International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia

Received: 20 November 2023    Accepted: 7 December 2023    Published: 11 January 2024
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Abstract

With the aim of describing variance in morphological features of bread wheat genotypes using frequency and Shannon-Weaver diversity index, the current study was conducted on forty-nine genotypes of bread wheat, including two released varieties (Wane & Lemu). The experiment was laid out in a 7x7 simple lattice designs. White glumes was the most frequent (67.3 %) within the genotypes and red/brown glume color was the less frequent (20.4%), while purple/black glumes was the least frequent phenotypic frequency (12.2%). The present study indicates that most of the studied traits showed polymorphism exception of glume hairiness. Shannon Weaver diversity index ranged from low (Hꞌ=0.4) for glume hairness to high (0.98) for spike density. The highest diversity index was observed for spike density (Hꞌ=0.98) followed by seed vitreousness (Hꞌ=0.94) and seed size (Hꞌ=0.84) which showed the presence of high diversity among genotypes for these traits. These results demonstrated the comparatively significant diversity of the germplasm. Programs for improvement can benefit from this genetic variability. However, drawing firm conclusions from the current results based just on morphology is not possible. Therefore, it is advised that research be done on molecular characteristics as well as other quality attributes such protein content.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11
Published in International Journal of Genetics and Genomics (Volume 12, Issue 1, April 2024)
Page(s) 1-7
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Bread Wheat, Diversity Genotypes, Polymorphism, Shannon-Weaver Diversity

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Shifaraw, G., Alamerew, S., Birhan, T. (2024). Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 12(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11

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    ACS Style

    Shifaraw, G.; Alamerew, S.; Birhan, T. Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia. Int. J. Genet. Genomics 2024, 12(1), 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11

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    AMA Style

    Shifaraw G, Alamerew S, Birhan T. Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia. Int J Genet Genomics. 2024;12(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11,
      author = {Garome Shifaraw and Sentayehu Alamerew and Techale Birhan},
      title = {Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Genetics and Genomics},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-7},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijgg.20241201.11},
      abstract = {With the aim of describing variance in morphological features of bread wheat genotypes using frequency and Shannon-Weaver diversity index, the current study was conducted on forty-nine genotypes of bread wheat, including two released varieties (Wane & Lemu). The experiment was laid out in a 7x7 simple lattice designs. White glumes was the most frequent (67.3 %) within the genotypes and red/brown glume color was the less frequent (20.4%), while purple/black glumes was the least frequent phenotypic frequency (12.2%). The present study indicates that most of the studied traits showed polymorphism exception of glume hairiness. Shannon Weaver diversity index ranged from low (Hꞌ=0.4) for glume hairness to high (0.98) for spike density. The highest diversity index was observed for spike density (Hꞌ=0.98) followed by seed vitreousness (Hꞌ=0.94) and seed size (Hꞌ=0.84) which showed the presence of high diversity among genotypes for these traits. These results demonstrated the comparatively significant diversity of the germplasm. Programs for improvement can benefit from this genetic variability. However, drawing firm conclusions from the current results based just on morphology is not possible. Therefore, it is advised that research be done on molecular characteristics as well as other quality attributes such protein content.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Morphological Variations in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes in Gechi District, South West Ethiopia
    AU  - Garome Shifaraw
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    JO  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-7359
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20241201.11
    AB  - With the aim of describing variance in morphological features of bread wheat genotypes using frequency and Shannon-Weaver diversity index, the current study was conducted on forty-nine genotypes of bread wheat, including two released varieties (Wane & Lemu). The experiment was laid out in a 7x7 simple lattice designs. White glumes was the most frequent (67.3 %) within the genotypes and red/brown glume color was the less frequent (20.4%), while purple/black glumes was the least frequent phenotypic frequency (12.2%). The present study indicates that most of the studied traits showed polymorphism exception of glume hairiness. Shannon Weaver diversity index ranged from low (Hꞌ=0.4) for glume hairness to high (0.98) for spike density. The highest diversity index was observed for spike density (Hꞌ=0.98) followed by seed vitreousness (Hꞌ=0.94) and seed size (Hꞌ=0.84) which showed the presence of high diversity among genotypes for these traits. These results demonstrated the comparatively significant diversity of the germplasm. Programs for improvement can benefit from this genetic variability. However, drawing firm conclusions from the current results based just on morphology is not possible. Therefore, it is advised that research be done on molecular characteristics as well as other quality attributes such protein content.
    
    VL  - 12
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    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Plant Science, Mettu University, Bedelle, Ethiopia

  • College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

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