International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Evaluation of Common Bean Cultivars Resistance to the Bean Common Mosaic Necrosis Virus in Western Kenya

Received: 1 October 2019    Accepted: 14 October 2019    Published: 15 November 2019
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Abstract

The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), is a high protein crop and the main legume in the cropping system of western Kenya. Despite its importance, common bean yields are low (<1.0 t/ha) and declining. Bean Common mosaic virus (BCMV) and Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) are the most common and most destructive and can cause a yield loss as high as 100%. In Kenya, limited cultivars and exotic genotypes with resistance to BCMV and BCMNV strains have been reported. Reports indicate BCMNV being a widespread virus compared to BCMV in western Kenya. This study therefore, sought to screen popular cultivars for resistance to the virus. Sixteen popularly grown bean cultivars together with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), soybean (Glycine max) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) were planted in a green house in a completely randomized block design with three replicates. The plants were inoculated with BCMNV Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) positive isolate at 3-leaf stage. Data was taken weekly for 3 weeks on type of symptoms expressed and number of plants infected. Ten bean cultivars were susceptible, 4 tolerant and 2 resistant. For improved yields of common bean, farmers should be advised to plant certified seeds for all legumes in the cropping system.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15
Published in International Journal of Genetics and Genomics (Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019)
Page(s) 115-118
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Beans, BCMNV, Resistance, Screening

References
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  • APA Style

    Mangeni Bonphace Collins, Ndong’a Millicent, Mukoye Benard, Were Hassan Karakacha. (2019). Evaluation of Common Bean Cultivars Resistance to the Bean Common Mosaic Necrosis Virus in Western Kenya. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 7(4), 115-118. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15

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    ACS Style

    Mangeni Bonphace Collins; Ndong’a Millicent; Mukoye Benard; Were Hassan Karakacha. Evaluation of Common Bean Cultivars Resistance to the Bean Common Mosaic Necrosis Virus in Western Kenya. Int. J. Genet. Genomics 2019, 7(4), 115-118. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15

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    AMA Style

    Mangeni Bonphace Collins, Ndong’a Millicent, Mukoye Benard, Were Hassan Karakacha. Evaluation of Common Bean Cultivars Resistance to the Bean Common Mosaic Necrosis Virus in Western Kenya. Int J Genet Genomics. 2019;7(4):115-118. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15,
      author = {Mangeni Bonphace Collins and Ndong’a Millicent and Mukoye Benard and Were Hassan Karakacha},
      title = {Evaluation of Common Bean Cultivars Resistance to the Bean Common Mosaic Necrosis Virus in Western Kenya},
      journal = {International Journal of Genetics and Genomics},
      volume = {7},
      number = {4},
      pages = {115-118},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20190704.15},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijgg.20190704.15},
      abstract = {The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), is a high protein crop and the main legume in the cropping system of western Kenya. Despite its importance, common bean yields are low (Vigna unguiculata), soybean (Glycine max) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) were planted in a green house in a completely randomized block design with three replicates. The plants were inoculated with BCMNV Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) positive isolate at 3-leaf stage. Data was taken weekly for 3 weeks on type of symptoms expressed and number of plants infected. Ten bean cultivars were susceptible, 4 tolerant and 2 resistant. For improved yields of common bean, farmers should be advised to plant certified seeds for all legumes in the cropping system.},
     year = {2019}
    }
    

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    AB  - The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), is a high protein crop and the main legume in the cropping system of western Kenya. Despite its importance, common bean yields are low (Vigna unguiculata), soybean (Glycine max) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) were planted in a green house in a completely randomized block design with three replicates. The plants were inoculated with BCMNV Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) positive isolate at 3-leaf stage. Data was taken weekly for 3 weeks on type of symptoms expressed and number of plants infected. Ten bean cultivars were susceptible, 4 tolerant and 2 resistant. For improved yields of common bean, farmers should be advised to plant certified seeds for all legumes in the cropping system.
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Author Information
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

  • Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

  • Department of Biosafety and Phytosanitary, Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS), Kephis Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya

  • Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

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