International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Development of Linseed and Ethiopian Mustard Lines for Seed Coat Color and Oil Quality Traits

Ethiopian mustard and Linseed are among oil bearing crops species containing edible oil and oil quality traits with several medicinal, food and industrial applications. Oil content and other oil quality traits in these crops need further improvement to meet the requirement of the crop for different purposes. This study was conducted to develop linseed and Ethiopian mustard lines with improved oil quality traits. Back crossing technique was used to transfer traits of interest from parents to promising linseed and Ethiopian mustard varieties which lack some of the quality traits. For brassica carinata improvement intra specific crossings were made between Ethiopian mustard and Rape seed varieties which are low in erucic acid and glucosinolate content. Linseed improvement for high omega-3 fatty acid was used back cross techniques to transfer recessive allele. Whereas; for development of linseed lines for yellow seed coat color back cross techniques for dominant alleles were used. For all traits back cross followed by selection were used. Eighty one lines for development of low erucic acid and glucosinolate brassica carinata crosses and one hundred twenty two lines for low or high linolenic acid (omega-3 fatty acid) where analyzed for their fatty acid profile. In addition one hundred twenty promising lines for development of linseed yellow seed coat color lines were promoted to next crossing program.

Erucic Acid, Glucosinolate, Linolenic Acid, Omega-3, Yellow Seed

Mohammed Abu, Berhanu Mengistu. (2023). Development of Linseed and Ethiopian Mustard Lines for Seed Coat Color and Oil Quality Traits. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 11(3), 97-103.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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