Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 12-17
Genetic Diversity of Groundnut Rosette Disease Causal Agents Towards Its Management: A Review
Benard Mukoye, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Natural Sciences (SONAS), Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST), Kakamega, Kenya
Anthony Simiyu Mabele, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Natural Sciences (SONAS), Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST), Kakamega, Kenya
Received: Mar. 7, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 16, 2019;       Published: Jun. 3, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190701.12      View  108      Downloads  24
Abstract
In this review, the genetic diversity of the three causal agents of Groundnut Rosette Disease (GRD) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are discussed. Epidemics of GRD viruses in SSA, often reduce groundnut productivity. The etiology of GRD is a complex, involving three agents; Groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus (GRAV), Groundnut rosette umbravirus (GRV) and a Satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA) of GRV. The complex etiology and lack of sensitive and specific diagnostic tools, are major limitations in understanding the epidemiology of GRD viruses, and developing appropriate management strategies for the disease. Nucleotide identity of 97 to 100% among GRAV isolates from different regions in Kenya have been reported. Sat-RNA sequences from Kenya shared nucleotide identity of 95% with Malawian isolate (M24S) and 89% with Nigerian isolate (NG3a). GRAV CP gene was highly conserved (97-99%) regardless of the geographical distance. However, for GRV and Sat-RNA diversity increased with increase in geographical distance. In addition, phylogenetic analysis showed that isolates of GRV (ORF3 and 4) and Sat-RNA clustered together depending on the country of origin. Recent study has unveiled a chlorotic variant of Sat-RNA in Kenya with 97% sequence identity to the Malawian chlorotic isolate (M24S). Pathogen derived resistance (PDR) suitable for each diverse regions where the disease occurs is a promising management strategy which mainly depends in studies to deeply understand the genetic diversity of the three GRD causal agents. Currently, GRAV-CP is the best candidate for PDR.
Keywords
Arachis hypogaea, GRAV, GRV, Sat-RNA, Sequence Diversity
To cite this article
Benard Mukoye, Anthony Simiyu Mabele, Genetic Diversity of Groundnut Rosette Disease Causal Agents Towards Its Management: A Review, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20190701.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Waliyar, F., Kumar, P. L., Ntare, B. R., Monyo, E., Nigam, S. N., Reddy, A. S., Osiru, M. & Diallo, A. T. 2007. A Century of Research on Groundnut Rosette Disease and its Management . Information Bulletin no. 75. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, pp 40. ISBN: 978-92-9066-501-4.
[2]
Wangai, A. W., Pappu, S. S., Pappu, H. R., Okoko, N., Deom, C. M. & Naidu, R. A. 2001. Distribution and characteristics of groundnut rosette disease in Kenya. Plant Disease. 85 (5): 470-474.
[3]
Kidula, N., Okoko, N., Bravo-Ureta, B. E., Thuo, M. & Wasilwa, L. 2010. A preliminary analysis of yield differences in groundnuts between research and non-research farmers in Kenya. In paper presented at the 12th KARI biennial scientific conference, 8-12 November 2010, Naiobi Kenya.
[4]
Thuo, M., Bell, A. A., Bravo-Ureta, B. E., Lachaud, M. A., Okello, D. K., Okoko, N. E., Kidula, N. L., Deom, C. M. and Puppala, N. 2014. Effects of social network factors on information acquisition and adoption of improved groundnut vaarieties: the case of Uganda and Kenya. Agric. Hum. Values, 31: 339-353.
[5]
Reddy, D. V. R. 1991. Groundnut viruses and virus diseases; Distribution, identification and control. Rev. Plant Pathol. 70: 665-678.
[6]
Olorunju, P. E. & Ntare, B. R. 2001. Combatting viruses and virus diseases of groundnut through the use of resistant varieties. A case study of Nigeria.
[7]
Deom, C. M., Naidu, R. A., Chiyembekeza, A. J., Ntare, B. R. & Subrahmanyam, P. 2000. Sequence diversity with the three agents of groundnut rosette disease. Phytopathol. 90: 214-219.
[8]
SADC/ICRISAT Groundnut Project Annual Progress Report for 1996. Chitedze Research Station, PPO Box1096, Lilongwe, Malawi.
[9]
Taliansky, M. E., Robinson, D. J. & Murant, A. F. 2000. Groundnut rosette disease virus complex: Biology and Molecular Biology. Advances in virus research. 55: 357-400.
[10]
Mabele, A. S., Were, H. K., Ndong’a, M. F. O., Mukoye, B. & Torrance, L. 2018. Occurrence, distribution and diversity of groundnut rosette assistor virus (GRAV) causing groundnut rosette disease (GRD) in western Kenya. In: KIBU International Conference (2018). Creativity and Innovation for Sustainable Development. Book of Abstracts of Kibabii University 3rd International Conference 12-14 June 2018. Kibabii University, Bungoma Kenya. ISBN:978-9966-59-011-5. pp 16/35
[11]
Murant, A. F., & Kumar, I. K. 1990. Different variants of the satellite RNA of groundnuts rosette virus are responsible for the chlorotic and green forms of groundnut rosette disease. Ann. Appl. Biol. 117: 85-92.
[12]
Appiah, A. S., Offei, S. K., Tegg, R. S., & Wilson, C. R. 2016. Varietal response to groundnut rosette disease and the first report of Groundnut ringspot virus in Ghana. Plant Dis. 100 (5): 946-952.
[13]
Taliansky, M. E. & Robinson, D. J. 2003. Molecular Biology of umbraviruses: Phantom warriors. J. Gen. Virol. 84: 1951-1960.
[14]
Kayondo, S. I., Rubaihayo, P. R., Ntare, B. R., Gibson, P. I., Edema, R., Ozimati, A. & Okello, D. K. 2014. Genetics of resistance to groundnut rosette virus disease: African crop science journal, 22:21-29. ISSN:1021-9730/2014.
[15]
Murant, A. F., Rajeshwari, R., Robinson, D. J., and Raschke, J. H. 1988. A satellite RNA of groundnut rosette virus that is largely responsible for symptoms of groundnut rosette disease. J. Gen. Virol. 69:1479-1486.
[16]
Scott, K. P., Farmer, M. J., Robinson, D. J., Torrence, L. & Murant, A. F. 1996. Comparison of the coat protein of groundnut rosette assistor virus with those of other luteovirus. Ann. Appl. Biol. 128: 77-83.
[17]
Naidu, R. A & Kimmins, F. M. 2007. The effect of groundnut rosette assistor virus on the agronomic performance of four groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes. J. Phytopathol. 155:350-356.
[18]
Murant, A. F. (1990). Dependence of groundnut rosette virus on the satellite RNA as well as groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus for transmission by Aphis craccivora. Journal of General Virology 71: 2163-2166.
[19]
Robinson, D. J., Ryabov, E. V., Raj, S. K., Roberts, I. M. & Taliansky, M. E. 1999. Satellite RNA is essential for encapsidation of groundnut rosette umbravirus RNA by groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus coat protein. Virol. 254: 104-114.
[20]
Okello, D. K., Monyo, E., Deom, C. M., Ininda, J. & Oloka, H. K. 2013. Groundnuts production guide for Uganda: Recommended practices for farmers. National Agricultural Research Organization, Entebbe. ISSN: 978-9970-401-06-2
[21]
Blok, V. C., Ziegler, A., Robinson, D. J. & Murant, A. F. 1994. Sequences of 10 variants of the satelitte- like RNA -3 of groundnut rosette virus. Virology. 202: 25-32.
[22]
Taliansky, M. E. & Robinson, D. J. 1997. Trans-acting untranslated elements of groundnut rosette virus satelitte RNA are involved in symptom production. J. Gen. Virol. 78: 1277-1285.
[23]
Naidu R. A, Kimmins F. M, Deom C. M, Subrahmanyam P, Chiyembekeza AJ, van der Merwe PJA. 1999a. Groundnut rosette: a virus disease affecting groundnut production in sub-Saharan Africa. Plant Dis 83: 700–709.
[24]
Okello, D. V, Akello, L. B, Tukamuhabwa, P., Odongo, T. L, Ochwo-Ssemakula, M., Adriko, J. & Deom, C. M. 2014. Groundnut rosette disease symptom types, distribution and management of the disease in Uganda. African journal of plant science. 8 (3): 153-163.
[25]
Roossinck, M. J. 1997. Mechanism of plant virus evolution. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 35: 191-209.
[26]
Mugisa, I. O., Karungi, J., Akello, B., Ochwo-Ssemakula, M. K. N., Biruma, M., Okello, D. K. & Otim, G. 2016. Determinants of groundnut rosette virus disease occurrence in Uganda. Elsevier crop protection journal. 10: 10-19.
[27]
Okello, D. K., Ugen, M. A., Tukamuhabwa, P., Ochwo-Ssemakula, M., Odong, T. L., Adriko, J., Kiconco, F., Male, A. and Deom, C. M. 2017. Molecular diagnostics of groundnut rosette disease agents in Uganda: Implications on epidemiology and management of groundnut rosette disease. Journal of plant breeding and crop science. 9 (5): 63-70.
[28]
Deom, C. M. 1999. Engineered resistance. Pages 1307-1314 in: Encyclopedia of Virology, 2nd ed. A. Granoff and R. Webster, eds. Academic Press, London.
[29]
Usman, A., Danquah, E. Y., Ofori, K. & Offei, S. K. 2013. Genetic analysis of resistance to rosette disease of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). A thesis submitted to the University of Ghana, Legon. ISSN: 10293978.
[30]
Appiah, A. S., Sossah, L. F., Tegg, S. R., Offei, K. S. & Wilson, R. C. 2017. Assessing sequence diversity of goundnut rosette disease agents and the distribution of groundnut rosette assistor virus in major groundnut-producing regions of Ghana. Trop. Plant Pathol.10: 07-14.
[31]
Anitha, S., Monyo, E. S. & Okori, P. 2014. Simultaneous detection of groundnut rosette assistor virus (GRAV), groundnut rosette virus (GRV) and satellite RNA (satRNA) in groundnuts using multiplex RT-PCR. Arc. virol.159:3059-3062, doi: 10.1007/s00705-014-2139-7.
[32]
Mukoye B., Mangeni B. C., Ndong’a M. F. O. and Were H. K. 2018. Next generation sequencing as a tool in modern pest diagnosis. A case study of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea) as a potential host of new viruses in Western Kenya. 2nd Phytosanitary conference 4th – 8th June, 2018. Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS), Nairobi, Kenya.
Browse journals by subject