Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 44-51
Identification of Novel Submergence Tolerant Local Rice Cultivars of Bangladesh
Al Amin, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Khandakar Md Iftekharuddaula, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Animesh Sarker, Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Ashraf Hossain Talukder, Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail, Bangladesh
Sharmishtha Ghoshal, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
A. K. M. Shalahuddin, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Tamal Lata Aditya, Director (Research) Office, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md Ansar Ali, Director (Administration and Common Services) Office, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Bertrand Collard, Department of Breeding and Varieties, Sugar Research Australia (SRA), Gordonvale, Australia
Received: Dec. 16, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 28, 2018;       Published: Jan. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20180604.12      View  256      Downloads  46
Abstract
Bangladesh had harbored numerous submergence tolerant rice local cultivars or landraces (popularly known as Joli Aman). As the local cultivars endure intervallic flash-flooding year after year, it is presumed that genes/Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) that give resilience are probably going to be available in these genotypes. In submergence screening, the performance of three tested accessions (Lakhi, Atshotti and Damsi) demonstrated them to be as tolerant as the check FR13A. Other germplasm accessions (DSL-78-8, Laldepa, Putidepa, Laxmi digha) performed great recuperation capacity after de-submergence. Damsi, Rajasail, Haloi, Lal Digha, Manik Digha, Bhawalia, DSL-78-8, Putidepa, Atshotti and Jalda IRRI don't have the SUB1 QTL and furthermore not like the BR5, a submergence susceptible check variety. Bajal, Horkoach, Pathornuti, Laxmi Digha, Horinga Digha, Bhawalia Digha and BR5 was not amplified by Gns2 conferring SUB1 QTL (submergence tolerance specific QTL). Significantly, the local cultivars i.e. DSL-78-8, Putidepa and Sadadanga boro were identified as having better submergence tolerance however having no resistant alleles of GnS2 and Sub1C173, indel markers specific to SUB1 QTL. The result of molecular screening revealed new submergence tolerant rice cultivars which do not possess SUB1 QTL. To discover new submergence tolerant QTLs other than SUB1 through QTL mapping, newly identified submergence tolerant germplasm can be utilized.
Keywords
Submergence, Molecular Screening, Accessions, Landraces, SUB1 QTL, Indel Markers
To cite this article
Al Amin, Khandakar Md Iftekharuddaula, Animesh Sarker, Ashraf Hossain Talukder, Sharmishtha Ghoshal, A. K. M. Shalahuddin, Tamal Lata Aditya, Md Ansar Ali, Bertrand Collard, Identification of Novel Submergence Tolerant Local Rice Cultivars of Bangladesh, International Journal of Genetics and Genomics. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 44-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20180604.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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